Periodontics - The treatment of gum and bone infections
Periodontal disease affects the tissue supporting the teeth and is a result of gum infection (periodontitis or gingivitis). Gingivitis is present when the gums become inflamed, looking red and swollen with bleeding occurring when brushing or flossing. As the periodontal disease gets progressively worse the bone attaching the teeth in the jaw is lost, resulting in the teeth becoming loose. If left untreated this condition can result in your teeth eventually falling out.
Some recent scientific studies also suggest a link between gum disease and other systematic diseases such as diabetes, heart and lung disease and Alzheimer's (articles available on request). It is therefore important not only for your oral health but also your general health, to have treatment and eradicate any gum disease present.
Cosmetic Periodontal Treatment
An essential part of anyone's smile is not just the teeth but also the gums that surround the teeth. There should be a maximum of 2mm of gum showing when smiling widely for the look to not appear too gummy. These people have their lips, gums, and teeth relationships on different levels.
In order to create the ideal gum line gum sometimes needs to be added (cosmetic tissue grafting) of removing (gum lifts) to give the ideal result to your smile.